Ababilnews – Have you ever heard of mesothelioma syndrome? Although called a syndrome, this disease is actually a type of cancer that attacks the mesothelium, which is the tissue that lines various organs of the body. Find out more about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for mesothelioma syndrome in this discussion.
It is not certain what makes a person develop mesothelioma syndrome. However, this condition is often associated with long-term exposure to asbestos (asbestos). Asbestos is a mineral that is widely used as a building construction material, such as roofs, because of its heat resistance and fire resistance.
When asbestos is destroyed, either during the mining process or renovation of buildings, it will produce fibre or fine dust. Asbestos fine fibre is very easily inhaled, then enters and settles in the organs of the body, especially the lungs. Ingested asbestos fibres can also move through the lymphatic system, settle, and infect cells in the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
Symptoms That Appear Gradually
When experiencing mesothelioma syndrome, the symptoms that occur generally appear gradually. In some cases, new symptoms will appear after 20-30 years. With such conditions, people with mesothelioma syndrome may not feel any symptoms when mesothelioma is still at an early stage. However, over time, cancer cells will develop and press on nerves or other organs, causing symptoms.
The types of symptoms that appear can vary, depending on the location of cancer. Other types of mesothelioma syndromes that are quite rare are pericardial and testicular mesothelioma. When experiencing this condition, the most common symptoms are chest pain and breathing problems. While testicular mesothelioma is characterized by swelling or the appearance of a lump in the testicular area.
How to Treat Mesothelioma Syndrome?
Because it is a rare type of cancer, treatment methods for treating mesothelioma syndrome are still quite minimal. However, there are several types of treatment that can be done to control or reduce the symptoms experienced and to extend life’s chances of the sufferer. These types of treatment are:
Surgical procedures are usually performed when mesothelioma syndrome is still at an early stage. There are several options for actions that doctors may take during surgery. Removal of as many cancer cells as possible from the person’s body. This action can support treatment with radiotherapy to reduce pain and inhibit cancer growth.
The suction of fluids due to a buildup of fluid in the chest area that can interfere with breathing. This is done by inserting a catheter tube into the chest to suck out the fluid. The doctor can also inject a drug to seal the pleural cavity so that fluid cannot accumulate again.
This is a therapeutic treatment that is done by giving anticancer drugs to destroy and inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be done before or after surgery to shrink the tumour, make it easier to remove the tumour and reduce the risk of cancer coming back. That’s a little explanation about mesothelioma syndrome. I hope this article is useful.