Cancer has become one of the most prevalent diseases of the world these days. The more people who have cancer, making many people also want to know the various types of cancer that may threaten their health, one of which is mesothelioma.
Mesothelioma is one of the rare lung cancer, but the most dangerous and deadly that usually occurs in the membrane around the lungs, called pleura. The main cause of cancer that attacks lung cells called mesothelium is exposure to asbestos dust.
Asbestos can take the form of roof boards, minerals, fibers and various processed asbestos products can cause dust and inhaled along with air. Usually this happens in industrial environments, construction sites, carpentry and building materials stores. When asbestos fibers and dust are inhaled into the lungs, then the dust will stop inside the lungs.
If you continue to inhale asbestos dust, then the dust will gather and settle in the lungs. This is the cause of cancer and the risk will increase if you are an active smoker or have a family history of cancer patients.
Cancer will be very lethal because the average survival time for malignant mesothelioma or mesothelioma cancer ranges from 4 to 18 months, and about 10 percent of patients live at least five years after being diagnosed.
Clinical symptoms that occur in mesothelioma are:
- Dyspnea and nonpleuritic chest wall pain are the most common symptoms of malignant mesothelioma, (Approximately 60-90% of patients experience symptoms of chest pain or dyspnea.)
- In patients with malignant mesothelioma, physical findings of pleural effusion are usually known by percussion and auscultation.
- In rare cases, malignant mesothelioma manifests as cord compression, brachial plexopathy, Horner syndrome, or superior vena cava syndrome. Death is usually caused by infection or respiratory failure from the development of mesothelioma.
- The main areas that often occur in the pleura (87%), peritoneum (5.1%), and pericardium (0.4%).
So if you are one who works in the field of asbestos industry, or having direct contact with asbestos quite often, then it is worth checking before mesothelioma attacks, yes